Calendars of Arda

Eldarin Calendar

  • Elves have a long time to live, and thus, divide their lives accordingly.
  • Elves prefer to count time by 12 and 6.

Terms

  • Yén (Quenya)
    • 144 years
  • Coranar or Loa (Quenya) – În or Idhrin (Sindarin)
    • 365 days
  • Enquië (Quenya)
    • 1 week, 6 days long
  • Ré (Quenya) – Aur or Arad (Sindarin)
    • 1 day (from sunset to sunset)
  • Tindomë (Quenya) – Minuial (Sindarin)
    • Morning twilight
  • Undomë (Quenya) – Aduial (Sindarin)
    • Evening twilight
  • lúmë (Quenya) – Lû (Sindarin)
    • Hour

Calendar

  • Yestarë (Quenya)
    • 1 day
  • Tuilë (Quenya) – Ethuil (Sindarin) – Spring
    • 54 days
  • Lairë (Quenya) – Laer (Sindarin) – Summer
    • 72 days
  • Yávië (Quenya) – Iavas (Sindarin) – Fall
    • 54 days
  • Enderi (Quenya) – Enedhin (Sindarin) – Middle Days
    • 3 days
  • Quellë or Lasselanta (Quenya) – Firith or Narbeleth (Sindarin) – Fading
    • 54 days
  • Hrívë (Quenya) – Rhîw (Sindarin) – Winter
    • 72 days
  • Coirë (Quenya) – Echuir (Sindarin) – Stirring
    • 54 days
  • Mettarë (Quenya) – Penninor (Sindarin) – Last Day
    • 1 day

Week

  • Elenya (Quenya) – Orgilion (Sindarin) – Starday
  • Anarya (Quenya) – Oranor (Sindarin) – Sunday
  • Isilya (Quenya) – Orithil (Sindarin) – Moonday
  • Aldúya (Quenya) – Orgaladhad (Sindarin) – Bitreeday
  • Menelya (Quenya) – Ormenel (Sindarin) – Heavenday
  • Valanya or Tárion (Quenya) – Orbelain or Rodyn (Sindarin) – Valaday

Leap Year

  • Every 12 years the Enderi are doubled
  • The last leap year of the Yén, the Enderi are not doubled

The King’s Reckoning

  • This reckoning system begins with the founding of Númenor, and ends in Arnor and Gondor with the line of Kings.

Terms

  • Haranyë (Quenya)
    • 1 century
  • Astar (Quenya)
    • 1 month
  • Week is 7 days
  • Ré (Quenya) – Aur or Arad (Sindarin)
    • 1 day (from sunrise to sunrise)

Calendar

  • Yestarë (Quenya) – First Day
    • 1 day
  • Narvinyë (Quenya) – Narwain (Sindarin) – January
    • 30 days
  • Nénimë (Quenya) – Nínui (Sindarin) – February
    • 30 days
  • Súlimë (Quenya) – Gwaeron (Sindarin) – March
    • 30 days
  • Víressë (Quenya) – Gwirith (Sindarin) – April
    • 30 days
  • Lótessë (Quenya) – Lothron (Sindarin) – May
    • 30 days
  • Nárië (Quenya) – Nórui (Sindarin) – June
    • 31 days
  • Loëndë (Quenya) – Enedhin (Sindarin) – Midyear’s Day
    • 1 day
  • Cermië (Quenya) – Cerveth (Sindarin) – July
    • 31 days
  • Urimë (Quenya) – Urui (Sindarin) – August
    • 30 days
  • Yavannië (Quenya) – Ivanneth (Sindarin) – September
    • 30 days
  • Narquelië (Quenya) – Narbeleth (Sindarin) – October
    • 30 days
  • Hísimë (Quenya) – Hithui (Sindarin) – November
    • 30 days
  • Ringarë (Quenya) – Girithron (Sindarin) – December
    • 30 days
  • Mettarë (Quenya) – Penninor (Sindarin) – Last Day
    • 1 day

Week

  • Elenya (Quenya) – Orgilion (Sindarin) – Starday
  • Anarya (Quenya) – Oranor (Sindarin) – Sunday
  • Isilya (Quenya) – Orithil (Sindarin) – Moonday
  • Aldëa (Quenya) – Orgaladh (Sindarin) – Treeday
  • Menelya (Quenya) – Ormenel (Sindarin) – Heavenday
  • Valanya or Tárion (Quenya) – Orbelain or Rodyn (Sindarin) – Valarday
  • Eärenya (Quenya) – Oraearon (Sindarin) – Seaday

Leap Year

  • Every fourth year, two Enderi replace Loëndë
  • The last leap year of the century, has no days added.

Shire Reckoning

  • This is a little something to think about for ye Hobbitfolk.
  • The Hobbits based their system off of the Kings Reckoning, though they altered it a tiny bit, and made their own names for things.

Calendar

  • Yule – 1 day
  • Afteryule – 30 days
  • Solmath – 30 days
  • Rethe – 30 days
  • Astron – 30 days
  • Thrimidge – 30 days
  • Forelithe – 30 days
  • Lithe – 1 day
  • Midyear’s Day – 1 day
  • Lithe – 1 day
  • Afterlithe – 30 days
  • Wedmath – 30 days
  • Halimath – 30 days
  • Winterfilth – 30 days
  • Blotmath – 30 days
  • Foreyule – 30 days
  • Yule – 1 day

Week

  • Sterday
  • Sunday
  • Monday
  • Trewsday
  • Hensday
  • Mersday
  • Highday

Leap Year

  • Every fourth year, another day, Overlithe, is added after Midyear’s Day.
  • In the last leap year of a century, Overlithe isn’t added.

Steward’s Reckoning

  • With the end of Kings a new calendar began, created by Mardil. This lasted until the end of the War of the Ring.

Calendar

  • Yestarë (Quenya) – First Day
    • 1 day
  • Narvinyë (Quenya) – Narwain (Sindarin) – January
    • 30 days
  • Nénimë (Quenya) – Nínui (Sindarin) – February
    • 30 days
  • Súlimë (Quenya) – Gwaeron (Sindarin) – March
    • 30 days
  • Tuilérë (Quenya) – Spring Day
    • 1 day
  • Víressë (Quenya) – Gwirith (Sindarin) – April
    • 30 days
  • Lótessë (Quenya) – Lothron (Sindarin) – May
    • 30 days
  • Nárië (Quenya) – Nórui (Sindarin) – June
    • 30 days
  • Loëndë (Quenya) – Enedhin (Sindarin) – Midyear’s Day
    • 1 day
  • Cermië (Quenya) – Cerveth (Sindarin) – July
    • 30 days
  • Urimë (Quenya) – Urui (Sindarin) – August
    • 30 days
  • Yavannië (Quenya) – Ivanneth (Sindarin) – September
    • 30 days
  • Yáviérë (Quenya) – Harvest Day
    • 1 day
  • Narquelië (Quenya) – Narbeleth (Sindarin) – October
    • 30 days
  • Hísimë (Quenya) – Hithui (Sindarin) – November
    • 30 days
  • Ringarë (Quenya) – Girithron (Sindarin) – December
    • 30 days
  • Mettarë (Quenya) – Penninor (Sindarin) – Last Day
    • 1 day

The New Reckoning

  • For a new era.
  • The beginning of the year was moved to the spring, like the Eldarin calendar. The change started on March 25th of the Steward’s Reckoning, to celebrate the fall of Sauron.

Calendar

  • Yestarë (Quenya) – First Day
    • 1 day
  • Víressë (Quenya) – Gwirith (Sindarin) – April
    • 30 days
  • Lótessë (Quenya) – Lothron (Sindarin) – May
    • 30 days
  • Nárië (Quenya) – Nórui (Sindarin) – June
    • 30 days
  • Cermië (Quenya) – Cerveth (Sindarin) – July
    • 30 days
  • Urimë (Quenya) – Urui (Sindarin) – August
    • 30 days
  • Yavannië (Quenya) – Ivanneth (Sindarin) – September
    • 29 days
  • Cormarë (Quenya) – Ring Day
    • 1 day
  • Enderi (Quenya) – Enedhin (Sindarin) – Middle Days
    • 3 days, middle one called Loëndë (Quenya)
  • Narquelië (Quenya) – Narbeleth (Sindarin) – October
    • 30 days
  • Hísimë (Quenya) – Hithui (Sindarin) – November
    • 30 days
  • Ringarë (Quenya) – Girithron (Sindarin) – December
    • 30 days
  • Narvinyë (Quenya) – Narwain (Sindarin) – January
    • 30 days
  • Nénimë (Quenya) – Nínui (Sindarin) – February
    • 30 days
  • Súlimë(Quenya) – Gwaeron (Sindarin) – March
    • 30 days
  • Mettarë (Quenya) – Penninor (Sindarin) – Last Day
    • 1 day

Leap Year

  • Every fourth year, Cormarë is doubled.
  • For the last leap year of each century, no day is added.

Sources:

The Lord of the Rings; Appendix D by J. R. R. Tolkien
The Lost Road and Other Writings; The Etymologies; AR-1 and YEN- by J. R. R. Tolkien

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